Explore, capture and share with us!
PICFARI.com is proud to unite travel and photography lovers of all kinds! Join us to explore amazing destinations, map out photo-driven tours, rock incredible shots, and share it all online.
Download on the app store
GLOSSARY

Find definitions for all terms used on PICFARI below.

Aperture
The size of the opening in the camera lens when a picture is taken. When you hit the shutter release button on your camera, a hole opens up that allows your camera's image sensor to catch a glimpse of the scene you're wanting to capture. The aperture that you set impacts the size of that hole. The larger the hole, the more light gets in - the smaller the hole, the less light. Aperture is measured in "f-stops" or "f-numbers" (for example, f/2.8, f/4, f/5.6, f/8, f/22 etc.). Moving from one f-stop to the next doubles or halves the size of the opening in your lens (and the amount of light getting through). The aperture setting is part of the EXIF data embedded in each digital photo file. This information is displayed when you upload a photo to PICFARI.com.
City name
The name of the city where the photo you are uploading was taken. If the city name you enter does not appear as an option, make sure that you haven't misspelled it, or that it's not listed by Google under another name ("Google Cities" is only as accurate as the data available.) If your photo was taken "off the beaten path", simply enter the city or town that is closest to where you took your picture.
Date
This is listed in the EXIF data of each digital photograph, and displays the date that the photo was uploaded to PICFARI.com.
Date/time of original
This is listed in the EXIF data of each digital photograph, and displays the date and time that the picture was originally taken.
Digital single lens reflex camera (DSLR)
A larger camera that can accommodate different lenses and produces high-quality photos (including action shots).
EXIF data
A record of the settings that a digital camera or smart phone used to take a photo. This information is embedded into the files the camera saves, and is automatically read and displayed when you upload a photo to PICFARI.com. EXIF data can also be used to compare two similar photos and see what was done differently when each was taken. You can always see the EXIF data on your own photos at PICFARI.com, and we make this information available to other PICFARIANs as well.
Exposure time
Also known as "shutter speed", exposure time is the amount of time that the shutter of a camera is open. In film photography, exposure time was the length of time that the film was exposed to the scene you were photographing. Similarly in digital photography, exposure time is the length of time that your camera's image sensor "sees" the scene you're attempting to capture. Exposure time is part of the EXIF data embedded in each digital photo file. This information is displayed when you upload a photo to PICFARI.com.
Favorited pics
Photos taken by other people that you save to your library in your PICFARI.com profile. Saving preferred pics to your library allows you to find them quickly and easily. You can add any photo that you view on PICFARI.com to your library of preferred pics, and there is currently no limit on the number of preferred pics you can have.
Featured PICFARI™
A PICFARI of exceptional quality and/or originality that has been created and shared by a member of the PICFARI community. Featured PICFARIs are selected by our team of PICFARI Scouts, and are given added visibility on PICFARI.com. Anyone who uses PICFARI has the opportunity to create and share a PICFARI that becomes "featured."
Flash
A device used in photography to produce a flash of artificial light (typically 1/1000 to 1/200 of a second) to help illuminate a scene. The major purpose of a flash is to illuminate a dark scene. Other uses of flash are to capture quickly moving objects or to change the quality of light. The term "flash" refers either to the flash of light itself or to the electronic flash unit on a camera that discharges the light. Flash is part of the EXIF data embedded in each digital photo file. This information is displayed when you upload a photo to PICFARI.com.
Focal length
The focal length of a camera lens is the distance from the middle of the lens to its focal point (where parallel rays of light strike and converge on a camera lens focused at infinity.) The focal length of a camera lens is usually displayed on the lens barrel. Different types of lenses provide different focal lengths. Focal length is part of the EXIF data embedded in each digital photo file. This information is displayed when you upload a photo to PICFARI.com.
Geotagging
Adding location information (longitude and latitude) to a photo so that it can appear on a map. Some cameras and smart phones have built-in GPS chips and automatically add location information. However, because most cameras do not have this feature, GPS information can be added to photos using map functions available in photo software such as Picasa, Lightroom or iPhoto.
Guided PICFARI
A PICFARI map consisting of up to 8 photo ops that are linked together in a specific route. Your PICFARI can consist of more than 8 photo ops, and all of your chosen photo ops will always be accurately mapped. However, Google Maps only offers the ability to physically link up to 8 photo ops together in a specific route.
ISO speed
The term "ISO speed" dates back to film cameras, where it was used to describe how sensitive a particular type of film is to light. Digital cameras use a sensor that works in a similar way. In digital photography, ISO measures the sensitivity of the image sensor. The lower the number, the less sensitive your camera is to light and the finer the grain. Higher ISO settings are used in darker situations to achieve faster shutter speeds. 100 ISO is generally considered to be "normal," and will give you crisp shots (little noise/grain). You can keep your digital camera in "auto mode," where the camera selects the appropriate ISO setting depending upon the conditions you're shooting in, or you can override auto mode and select your own ISO. ISO speed is part of the EXIF data embedded in each digital photo file. This information is displayed when you upload a photo to PICFARI.com.
License options for photos
None (All rights reserved)

Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike: Creative Commons
This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms.

Attribution-NonCommercial: Creative Commons
This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.

Attribution: Creative Commons
This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation. This is the most accommodating of licenses offered. Recommended for maximum dissemination and use of licensed materials.

Attribution-Share Alike: Creative Commons
This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms. This license is often compared to “copyleft” free and open source software licenses. All new works based on yours will carry the same license, so any derivatives will also allow commercial use. This is the license used by Wikipedia, and is recommended for materials that would benefit from incorporating content from Wikipedia and similarly licensed projects.
Macro lens
A lens that can focus closely and achieve 1:1 magnification (i.e., the image on the sensor/film is the same size as the object itself).
Mobile camera
The camera on any mobile device or smart phone (iPhone, Android, etc.)
PICFARI™
A map of pinpointed locations (we call them PICstops) where you can capture great photos. A PICFARI gives you a ton of cool photographic perspectives and techniques to choose from, and lets you map out a route to get better pics during your travels. A PICFARI can be simple or elaborate. It can consist of one iconic shot of the Eiffel Tower that takes 5 minutes to shoot…it can be a 3-hour in-depth photo exploration of Paris…or anything in between. PICFARIs can help you discover virtually endless photo-taking possibilities. Use them to shoot amazing pics of major landmarks, or to capture fascinating details you might have otherwise overlooked.
PICFARIAN™
A PICFARIAN is anyone who loves to take photos during their travels, and uses PICFARI.com to create and share their photos and PICFARIs.
PICFARI name
The name you give to the PICFARI you have created to shoot during your travels; or the name you give to a series of photos that you have taken and uploaded to share with others.
PICFARI Scouts
PICFARI Scouts are people like you — they love taking pictures and are inspired by the challenge of getting that great shot, whether it's with a smart phone or an advanced DSLR. PICFARI Scouts help you enjoy great photo ops by creating PICFARIs that are pre-planned and available for you here on PICFARI.com. These "Scouted PICFARIs" capture a wide variety of photography perspectives and techniques that we think you'll find inspiring and fun. Choose one in minutes, shoot your pics in moments, and share your results forever.
PICstop™
A precisely mapped photo-taking location. A PICstop is the geographic location where the photo was taken (not the location of the subject itself). At PICFARI.com, our PICstops show you exactly where to stand and how to shoot your subject from a specific and unique perspective (near or far, in front or behind, from above or below, etc.) Most PICFARIs consist of between 5 and 10 separate PICstops, and you can only find them here on PICFARI.com
PICstory™
The story behind your shot. When you upload a photo to PICFARI.com, you provide a PICstory that describes where and how you captured your pic, what it was like to be there, and what the experience meant to you. You can add other helpful details to your PICstory too…clue others in to that great café around the corner, or the hotel you found in the area. Your PICstory contains the details that other PICFARIANs will find informative and inspiring.
Picture title
Your description of the photo you are uploading (in 140 characters or less).
Place name
The place name where a photo was taken - for example, "Stonehenge", "Lake Cuomo" or "The Empire State Building". The place name can also be a city or street name. If the place name you enter does not appear as an option, make sure that you haven't misspelled it, or that it's not listed by Google under another place name. ("Google Places" are only as accurate as the data available.) If your photo was taken "off the beaten path", simply enter the place name or town that is closest to where you took your photo.
Point and shoot camera
A compact camera with a single lens, basic or no "zoom" functionality, and minimal or no advanced settings.
Resolution
The quality of an image. Put simply, resolution is the number of pixels in the given space of a digital file. As resolution increases, the image becomes clearer, sharper, more defined, and more detailed. High resolution occurs when there is more information contained within the same space. Digital cameras measure resolution in megapixels (a single megapixel equals one million pixels in an image). Today's digital cameras have all the resolution most users need to enjoy clear, high-quality images for sharing online and for printing. Resolution is part of the EXIF data embedded in each digital photo file. This information is displayed when you upload a photo to PICFARI.com.
"Searched" city or country name
The name of the city or country where you plan to shoot your pics. If the city or country you enter into the search field does not return any results, make sure that you haven't misspelled it, or that it's not listed by Google under another name ("Google Cities" are only as accurate as the data available.) If the photo location(s) you are searching for are "off the beaten path", simply enter the closest city or town.
Standard/mid-range zoom lens (24-105 mm)
A lens that covers a range that is close to what the human eye sees.
Subject tags
A selection of tags that you choose from to help ensure that your pics are highly searchable. When uploading photos, it's important to choose all of the subject tags that apply. For example, if you are uploading a picture of a statue in a garden, you would tag it with both "statue" AND "garden."
Subject name
A name that you choose to identify your subject (what you are shooting). The subject name is separate from your PICstop (where you are standing when you take the photo itself). For example, your PICstop might be at the top of the Washington Monument, but the subject you're shooting from that spot is the Lincoln Memorial.
Tags
Key terms that describe the subject of your photos. For example, if you upload a photo of the Sydney Harbor Bridge, you will want to tag it with applicable terms, such as "bridge", "ocean", and "architecture." At PICFARI.com, we provide a set list of tags for you to select from, so tagging your photos is quick and easy.
Telephoto zoom lens (105-400 mm)
A lens that can be used to make your subject appear closer when you are shooting at a distance.
Wide angle zoom lens (10-22 mm)
A lens that shows a wide field of view; generally any focal length below 35 mm.

PLEASE LOGIN

OR CREATE AN ACCOUNT TO PROCEED

I'M ALREADY A PICFARIAN

I'M A NEW PICFARIAN

(We won't spam your wall)